Childhood and Family
Babe Hurd and his brother Mitchell were born in Texas.1 Researchers are continuing to search for the names of their parents and siblings.
Hurd and Anna Thomas married in 1898 in Georgia.2 Alice Hurd Whitfield, a daughter, lived in Chicago, Illinois with her husband Samuel and three children.
Career Starts in Youth
By the age of thirteen, Hurd rode Thoroughbreds owned by Oden Bowie, Governor of Maryland. His first win came aboard the horse Cinderella. In 1882, Babe and Mitchell Hurd worked for Green B. Morris and James Patton stable of Kansas City, Missouri. Horses they rode in spring meets in Georgia, South Carolina, and Louisiana included:
- Duke of Kent
- Jim Ferrell
Hurd, riding Apollo in the Cottrill Stakes, won by three lengths in the straightway. In May, the stable came to race at the Kentucky Association track before going to Churchill Downs.3
The 1882 Derby
Hurd mounted on Apollo was in sixth place in a field of fourteen. Fans bet that Runnymede, a stakes winner, owned by Philip and Michael Dwyer of New York would come in first. Apollo had not raced at the age of two, and Hurd, a month from his sixteenth birthday, had ridden the horse once. How could they win?
Hurd paced the horse to save his energy. At the last quarter mile, Apollo and Runnymede pulled out. Hurd urged Apollo to the front and won by half a length. It was a surprise upset!4
Hurd retired from riding in 1885 to begin a career as a trainer. He worked at:
- Garfield Park Racetrack, Chicago, Illinois
- St. Louis Fair Grounds, St. Louis, Missouri
- Churchill Downs track, Louisville, Kentucky5
The horse owners who employed him were:
- M. H. Tichenor
- Frank Shaw
- M. B. Gruber
In 1905, Babe and Mitchell Hurd and Arthur Parker formed a partnership to race horses:
- Cecil B.
The Hurd brothers owned these horses, backed with $500 from Parker. They had a disagreement about what races they were going to enter, and Parker sued the brothers.6
End of Career and Legacy
Hurd’s record win in 1882 would stand for 136 years. It was not matched until 2018 when Justify, a horse that had not raced as a two-year old, won the Kentucky Derby.8
“1900 United States Federal Census.” 1900. Census. St. Louis, Missouri. Ancestry.com.
CBS News. n.d. “Kentucky Derby 2018: Justify Wins 2018 Kentucky Derby; Full Results and Payouts.” Accessed October 27, 2020. https://www.cbsnews.com/news/kentucky-derby-results-justify-winner-2018-05-05/.
Daily Racing Form. 1913. “Louisville Trainers Showing Activity,” August 13, 1913. The Daily Racing Form Archive. University of Kentucky Libraries. https://drf.uky.edu/catalog/1910s/drf1917041001/drf1917041001_1_3.
———. 1917. “When Apollo Won The Kentucky Derby: Story of the Race as Described by the Former Jockey Who Rode Him to Victory,” April 10, 1917. The Daily Racing Form Archive. University of Kentucky Libraries.
Goodwin Brothers Firm. 1882. Goodwin’s Official Annual Turf Guide. New York, NY.
“Hurd, Babe.” n.d. In Notable Kentucky African Americans Database. Accessed November 11, 2019. https://nkaa.uky.edu/nkaa/items/show/1909.
“Justify - Triple Crown Winner 2018.” n.d. Kentucky Derby. Accessed October 27, 2020. https://www.kentuckyderby.com/horses/triple-crown-sweepstakes/justify.
“Marriage Record.” 1898. Butts County, Georgia. P. 137b.
New York Tribune. 1905. “Running Horses on Them Ground for Liquidating Partnership,” January 6, 1905.
Paul Rolfes. 2018. “Kentucky Derby Winner Justify Comes from a Line of Champions.” Courier Journal, May 5, 2018.
Renau, Lynn S. 1995. Jockeys, Belles and Bluegrass Kings. Louisville, Ky,: Herr House Press.
Saunders, James Robert. 2003. Black Winning Jockeys in the Kentucky Derby. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland & Co.
The New York Amsterdam News. 1928. “Famous Jockey Dies in Ky.,” December 19, 1928.
When citing this article as a source in Chicago Manual of Style use this format: Last name, first name of Author. Chronicle of African Americans in the Horse Industry. n.d. “Title of Profile or Story.” International Museum of the Horse. Accessed date. URL of page cited.
- 1. “1900 United States Federal Census.”
- 2. “Marriage Record.”
- 3. Goodwin Brothers Firm, Goodwin’s Official Annual Turf Guide.
- 4. “When Apollo Won The Kentucky Derby.”
- 5. “Louisville Trainers Showing Activity.”
- 6. “Running Horses on Them Ground for Liquidating Partnership.”
- 7. “Famous Jockey Dies in Ky.”
- 8. “Justify - Triple Crown Winner 2018.”